Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats


232                                        JFLOKA INDICA.                     \Nympk<Bace(8+

cylinclricis, radicula crassa infera.—Herbs) rhizomale horizontali peren-
nante, canle erecto tereti, foliis ad apicem caulis 2 longe petiolatis pel-
tatu, lobatis partitisve ; floribua solltariis axillarilus v. supra-ascillaribus
albis.                                       '

1. -P. Emodi (Wall. Cat. 814) j pedunculis supra-axillaribus, flo-
ribus hexan<Jris.—P. hexandrum* jfoylet III. 64; Decaisne in Jacq. Pbv
Bot. 11. t. 9.-

HAB. In Himalaya interiore temperata et subalpina: Sikkim 10-
14,000 ped.! Nipal/^tf./ Kumaoti, etc., 9-14,000 ped.! in Kashmir
ad alt. 6000 ped. descendens!—(PL Apr. Mai.) (v. v.)

Herba scapigera. Radix e fibris crassis. Caulis solitarius, longe nudus, hasi va-
ginatus, herbaceus, teres, glaher. -Folia 2, alterna, petiolata, late orliiculari-reni-
formia, palmatira 3-5-loha, 6-10 unc. lata, viridia, saspius purpureo-maculata, seg-
mentis vernntione deflexis, cuneatis, supra medium lobatis ct argute serratis, ju-
uioribus subtus totnentosis. Pedunculus validus. Flos erectus, primo vere evolutus,
erectus, dcmum nutans, albus v. roseus, cyathiformis, l-lj-pollicaris. Sepafa 3,
late obloaga. Petala 6, obovato-oblonga. Stamina 6, ovario aeqoilonga; anthcris
elongatis. Ovarium ampullaceum; stylo brevissimo; stigmate crietato; ovulis in
placenta lateral! mujtiseriatis. Baccet oblouga v. elliptica, 1-2-pollicaris, rubra, car-
nosa, edulis, semiuibus dense farcta. " Semna subellipsoidea, bruunea, 2 lin. longa.
Integuwetttum duplex, ejterius membranaceum; interius pellucidum. Mbumen album,
carnosum. Embryo parvulus, hilo proximus, radicula crassa, obtusa, hilo spectaute;
cotyledoncs parvulic, semicylindric«e."—X>ecaisne9 I.e.

A very remarkable plant, one of the earliest spring flowers in the Himalaya. The
leaflets, or segments of the leaf, arp plicate, and folded downwards on to the petiole
in bud, aud the whole plant has much the habit of Brant his hy emails, though its
being a true member of the Beroeride* -is, we think, indisputably proved by the
structure of the fruit. The broad placenta, with .maoŁ rows of ovules, is an ap-
proach to the structure of Nymphaacea. The palJT Covering of the seeds in P.pel-
tatum of North America, is described by Torrcy, Floret of v-he State of New York, i.
35, as an arillus developed from the whole surface of the placenta -} a modification of
this we have shown to take place in some Lardizalalea. The supra-axillary pe-
duncle is a singular feature, which is, however, not shared by its American congener.
We find it repeated iu many Menispermete, Anonaveee, and amongst the allies of Ifrr-
beridea, and in Capparif/e<& and SoJanetr, and other Orders having; little direct afli-
njty with these. The pulpy tasteless fruit is eaten, as is that of the North Ameri-
can P. peltcttum, L.j, whose leaves are poisonous and the root a drastic cathartic.

XII. NYMPH^ACEJJ.

Cabombecc,

Sepala 3-6,libera v. basi inter se et cum toro connnta, interdum cuui
ovai'iis coliasrentin. Torus nulhis, v. carnosus, cum sepalis pctalisciue
adnatus, v. cum sepalis in tubum apico stamina et petala gereutcin
coalitus. Petala 3-6 v. plerumque indoiiuita, multiseriatai sericbus
alternantibus oppositisvc, interiora ssepissime in stamina transeuntia,
rarissime iu corollam gamopetalam coalita. Stamina definita v. inde-
finite, sfcpissime perplurimn, multiseriata, petalis opposita v. opj)osita ct
alterna. Antliera innatse, longitudinaliter dehiscenles. Carpella 3 v.
srepins iudcfinita, libera v. soepissime verticillata et mccliantc toro in